Search Results for: mimikatz

How Attackers are Stealing your Credentials with Mimikatz – Insider Threat Podcast #6

In our sixth edition of the Insider Threat Podcast, once again we spoke with our resident white hat hacker, Jeff Warren. Jeff has just finished another in our ongoing blog series about insider attacks on Active Directory (AD). This time, the focus was the Mimikatz toolkit and all the ways it’s being used to exploit weaknesses in AD. You can find out more in the main series of blog posts about Mimikatz attacks as well as supplementary posts covering Skeleton…

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Automating Mimikatz with Empire and DeathStar

Automating Mimikatz Mimikatz is a very powerful post-exploitation tool on its own, allowing attackers to harvest credentials and move laterally through a compromised organization. However, there are also several limitations to what Mimikatz can do by itself: If you have compromised a machine but do not have Administrator rights, you can’t access any credentials If PowerShell protections are enabled, Mimikatz can be easily prevented Stealing credentials and figuring out where they work can be a long and arduous process This…

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How Attackers are Stealing Your Credentials with Mimikatz

Stealing Credentials with Mimikatz Mimikatz is an open-source tool built to gather and exploit Windows credentials. Since its introduction in 2011 by author Benjamin Delpy, the attacks that Mimikatz is capable of have continued to grow. Also, the ways in which Mimikatz can be packaged and deployed have become even more creative and difficult to detect by security professionals. This has led to Mimikatz recently being tied to some of the most prevalent cyber attacks such as the Petya ransomware….

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Manipulating User Passwords with Mimikatz

Introduction: Manipulating User Passwords with Mimikatz Mimikatz now supports the ability to manipulate user passwords with new commands: SetNTLM and ChangeNTLM. These commands give attackers a new way to change user passwords and escalate privileges within Active Directory. Let’s take a look at these NTLM commands and what they do. ChangeNTLM This performs a password change event. To use this command, you must know the old password in order to set a new one. One deviation is that this command…

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Extracting User Password Data with Mimikatz DCSync

Introduction: Extracting User Password Data with Mimikatz DCSync Mimikatz provides a variety of ways to extract and manipulate credentials, but probably one of the most useful and scary ways is using the DCSync command. This attack simulates the behavior of a domain controller and asks other domain controllers to replicate information using the Directory Replication Service Remote Protocol (MS-DRSR). Basically, it lets you pretend to be a domain controller and ask for user password data. Most importantly, this can be done…

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Performing Pass-the-Hash Attacks with Mimikatz

Attack #4: Pass-the-Hash with Mimikatz In my previous post, we learned how to extract password hashes for all domain accounts from the Ntds.dit file. In this post, we’re going to see what you can do with those hashes once you have them. Mimikatz has become the standard tool for extracting passwords and hashes from memory, performing pass-the-hash attacks and creating domain persistence through Golden Tickets. Mimikatz can be executed in a variety of ways to evade detection, including entirely in…

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Setup, Configuration, and Task Execution with Covenant: The Complete Guide

In this blog post, we are taking a deeper dive into Covenant. Covenant is one of the latest and greatest Command and Control (C2) Post Exploitation Frameworks which I covered in In my previous blog post. In that post, we discussed Covenant on a high level but now let’s go through the process of configuring and using Covenant to execute payloads on compromised hosts. NOTE: This post demonstrates the capabilities of Covenant in Mid-September 2019. Getting Setup and Starting Covenant…

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Protecting Against DCShadow

What Organizations Can Do to Stop a DCShadow Attack Recently, I came across a post outlining how companies CANNOT effectively defend against a DCShadow attack but instead need to take a reactive approach to identify when it may have occurred by monitoring their environment, and rolling back any unwanted changes once they were identified. Unfortunately, reacting to an incident could mean the damage is already done and a malicious actor has run off with the ‘keys to the kingdom’. The…

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What is a DCShadow Attack and How to Defend Against it

In this blog post, we’ll be covering the DCShadow attack and how we can use StealthDEFEND to detect and respond to this type of attack. DCShadow was the topic of previous STEALTHbits Blog post, so in this post, we’ll start with a review of DCShadow and then focus on how we can DETECT and RESPOND to this attack with StealthDEFEND. Introduction to DCShadow DCShadow is another late-stage kill chain attack that allows an attacker with privileged credentials to register a “rogue” domain controller in order to PUSH changes to a…

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